Bug Bite Danger Zones — Summer Alert 2020

Together with COVID-19 lockdown concluding a lot of the USA, a lot of men and women are ready to get outdoors and enjoy nature following months of isolating inside. However, with scientists anticipating record-setting temperatures across nearly the whole continental United States this summer, based on the Weather Channel, which means more pests will probably be out and around too. So more insect bites.

However, insects may also transmit diseases such as the infrequent but benign Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE), a growing concern in the USA.

“If an insect bites you, it is generally more of a hassle than anything else, however, we are beginning to see more ailments associated with insect bites,” notes Michael Zimring, MD, manager of the Center for Wilderness and Travel Medicine at Mercy Hospital in Baltimore.

Consequently, protecting yourself and your loved ones against insect bites has never been more significant, experts say.

Understanding where biting insects breed and live, and taking additional precautions in these regions, is 1 way to remain safe. Here is where to discover the bugs of the summer.

Where Biting Bugs Live

Here are Just Seven Pests to See in the Summertime (or More if you Reside in a warmer Place ) and the Areas where they Often lurk:

Mosquitoes

Mosquitoes normally breed in moist dirt or areas with stagnant or standing water, such as storm drains, old tires, children’s wading pools, and birdbaths, Dr. Zimring states.

While mosquitoes kill over 700,00 individuals around the world each year by spreading diseases such as dengue, encephalitis, malaria, West Nile virus, and Zika, these disorders are rather uncommon in the continental USA.

Nevertheless, the mosquito-borne virus that causes EEE does seem to pose a danger in this country, especially in the Northeast and Southeast, together with public health specialists concurring that the amount of infections is greater than normal. The mosquitoes which carry the virus are most frequently located in and around freshwater hardwood swamps from the Atlantic and Gulf Coast states and the Great Lakes area, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) notes.

Throughout 2019, the CDC received reports of 38 confirmed cases of EEE for the calendar year, including 15 deaths. This was a substantial leap from 2018 when only six instances were reported.

Ticks

Ticks generally can be seen in wooded, grassy places, based on the CDC. This is the point where the animals they feed — such as rabbits, reptiles, birds, lizards, squirrels, mice, and other insects — live and roam.

If you live in a rural area, you might also have ticks in your yard, especially if you’ve got a lot of shrubs and trees and thick buds, but ticks may also be located in metropolitan areas and close beaches.

Some ticks are only annoying since they are sometimes tricky to remove in the skin as soon as they move on. However, black-legged deer ticks can carry the bacteria which causes Lyme disease and Rocky Mountain spotted fever, in line with the American Lyme Disease Foundation (ALDF). These ticks are generally found in mountainous regions from the southern half of the USA, from west of the Mississippi River to the Atlantic shore.

“Lyme disease is a serious medical condition, but maybe not all of the ticks spread the bacteria which triggers it to be” Zimring notes.

Bees

Generally, bees reside in gardens, woodlands, and other regions with a lot of flowering plants, that the National Wildlife Federation (NWF) states. Bees typically construct nests within tree branches and under the borders of homes and other structures or buildings.

Bee stings are often benign, albeit somewhat debilitating, and home remedies like a cold or hot compress are usually sufficient, based on the Mayo Clinic. But if you are allergic to bee stings, you might have a possibly life-threatening reaction known as anaphylaxis. Should you encounter symptoms — such as inflammation in a place of the skin higher than 10 inches around, or increasing pain, swelling, redness, drainage of pus, and fever — seek medical care.

Flies

Flies are ordinarily seen in marshlands, forests, shady places, or places that have quite a dense greenery, that the Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH) notes. They’re also able to congregate in places where there’s plenty of garbage, excrement, as well as livestock.

As their name implies they are black and have a humpbacked appearance, the IDPH states. They generally bite the skin around the neck and head, according to the IDPH.

Horseflies, that can be big and black and occasionally have green heads, typically reside near water or other hot, wet places. Their bites can be especially debilitating, IDPH notes.

Little, grey stable flies generally sting individuals across the ankles, as stated by the IDPH.

Deer flies and sand flies are the sole flies known to spread disorder in the USA.

Deer flies usually show up in the spring and might have dark bands in their wings with yellow-black or brownish bodies, that the IDPH notes. In rare cases, deer flies can disperse a bacterial disease known as tularemia, or rabbit fever, to individuals, the bureau advises.

Sandflies in Texas have been connected with a serious skin disease known as cutaneous leishmaniasis, the IDPH states.

Spiders

There are over 3,000 species of lions in North America, and many won’t bite people unless they are feeling threatened. In reality, even when they wanted to, many lions found in the USA are not capable of biting individuals because their fangs are not long enough to penetrate the skin, based on the Mayo Clinic.

Two spiders located in the USA that can bite people would be the black widow and brown recluse.

Black widow spiders are seen throughout the USA, except Alaska and also the neighboring countries. They tend to stay in sheds, garages, fresh flowerpots and gardening gear, woodpiles, and cabinets, and cabinets (during cold weather).

The sting of a female black widow isn’t mortal, according to the Mayo Clinic, but can cause severe cramping, fatigue, perspiration, headache, nervousness, nausea, nausea, vomiting, difficult breathing, and increased blood pressure.

Recluses prefer to conceal in humid locations, especially inside, in cluttered basements or attics, behind furniture, and seldom used closets or cabinets. If outdoors, they generally hide in dark, silent spots, like under stones or from tree stumps.

A brown recluse bite is painful and may generate a sore.

Wasps

There are hundreds and hundreds of different varieties of wasps, however, yellow jackets and hornets will be the most usual, based on this New York City Department of Health (NYC DOH).

Yellowjackets like to be close crap and in cool, dark areas, such as in trees, shrubs, and holes in walls, the NYC DOH notes. Hornets normally build nests from the floor, at the leaves of trees, shrubs, and beneath porches and roofs, by Auburn University.

Wasp bites are constantly painful, but benign if you don’t incur several bites simultaneously, which may result in anaphylaxis.

Fleas

Fleas feed on the blood of people, cats, dogs, along with other neighboring animals. Even the very small bugs typically jump out of stray cats and dogs or wild animals — such as raccoons and opossums, but not rats, rats, or rabbits — on family pets as well as humans, in line with the IDPH.

This might be more likely to happen in rural, mountainous regions, but stray creatures are available in suburbs and cities, also. Take additional care in dog parks and pet and veterinary daycare centers, PetCareRx states.

If you are considering spending some time outside with your pet, make certain its tick and flea protection is current and avoid contact with stray animals.

Check yourself, your garments, and your dog for signs of fleas once you buy a home — before you move indoors, the University of Kentucky College of Agriculture advises.

Basic Protection Against Bug Bites

Generally, experts recommend the following Measures to Avoid Insect bites this summer:

  • Prevent perfumes and scented soaps, which may draw in some insects, especially mosquitoes, by the Cleveland Clinic.
  • Steer clear out of standing, stagnant water.
  • In mountainous regions, remain on trails and in clearings, Zimring notes. The deer ticks that carry Lyme disease are often seen in areas with plenty of brush and trees. Pick long-sleeve tops and trousers whenever possible to decrease skin exposure.
  • Pick the ideal insect repellent. “A spray or cream containing 30 percent DEET is generally sufficient and generally lasts 10 to 12 hours,” Zimring states. Make sure you reapply it until you go outside in the day when insect concentrations are at their greatest, he adds. (Notice that repellents containing DEET shouldn’t be used on children younger than six months)
  • Have a shower once you get home after being outdoors. This can wash off traces of almost any insect repellent in addition to any ticks that have not yet latched on your entire body.
  • Assess for snacks and ticks. In case you have any snacks, use an ice pack to soothe itching and pain. An antihistamine such as Benadryl can alleviate itching.
  • Shield your pets. Be certain that you use flea and tick repellants in your pets and call your veterinarian if you spot some suspicious-looking bites or rashes.